Wget is a command-line tool that allows you to download files and entire websites from the internet. It is available on many platforms, including Linux, macOS, and Windows. In this article, we’ll show you how to use wget to clone a website with all connected pages and create a log file.
Before we begin, it is important to note that downloading an entire website without permission may violate copyright laws and terms of service agreements, so be sure to obtain permission before doing so.
Step 1: Install wget
First, you need to install wget on your computer. If you’re using Linux or macOS, it is likely already installed. If you’re using Windows, you can download wget from the GNU Wget website.
Step 2: Open Terminal or Command Prompt
Open the terminal or command prompt on your computer. On macOS, you can find Terminal in the Utilities folder in the Applications folder. On Windows, you can find Command Prompt by typing “cmd” in the search bar.
Step 3: Use wget to Clone the Website
Now, use the following command to clone the website:
wget --mirror --convert-links --adjust-extension --page-requisites --no-parent --no-host-directories --execute robots=off --waitretry=10 --retry-connrefused --recursive --level=inf --no-clobber --no-check-certificate --output-file=wget.log <website_url>
Here’s what each option does:
--mirror: This option enables mirroring, which means that it will download an entire copy of the website, including all pages, files, and subdirectories.
--convert-links: This option converts all links to work locally, so that you can browse the downloaded website offline.
--adjust-extension: This option ensures that the downloaded files have the correct extension.
--page-requisites: This option downloads all the elements that make up a page, such as images and CSS files.
--no-parent: This option ensures that it doesn’t download anything outside the specified directory.
--no-host-directories: This option prevents the creation of a directory hierarchy based on the hostname.
--execute robots=off: This option prevents wget from following the website’s robots.txt file, which could restrict what pages are downloaded.
--waitretry=10: This option makes wget wait for 10 seconds before retrying a failed download.
--retry-connrefused: This option tells wget to retry if it encounters a “connection refused” error.
--recursive: This option instructs wget to download recursively.
--level=inf: This option sets the recursion level to infinite, so that wget will download everything on the website.
--no-clobber: This option prevents wget from overwriting existing files.
--no-check-certificate: This option disables certificate checking, so that wget will download sites with self-signed SSL certificates.
--output-file=wget.log: This option creates a log file named “wget.log” that will record any errors or messages that occur during the download.
<website_url> with the URL of the website you want to clone. Once the download is complete, you can browse the downloaded website offline by opening the index.html file in a web browser.
Step 4: Check the Log File
After the download is complete, you can check the log file named “wget.log” to see if there were any errors or messages during the download. Open the log file in a text editor or use the “cat” command in the terminal or command prompt to view it.
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